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Noor ul-Irfan: A Commentary on the Quran by Mufti Ahmad Yaar Khan Naeemi
Noor ul-Irfan is a commentary on the Quran by Mufti Ahmad Yaar Khan Naeemi (1904-1971 A.D.), a renowned scholar of Islam and a spiritual leader of the Ahl-e-Sunnat movement in Pakistan. He wrote this commentary based on the translation of the Quran by Imam Ahmad Raza Khan, known as Kanz ul-Iman, which is widely accepted and respected by the Sunni Muslims.
Noor ul-Irfan is a comprehensive and detailed commentary that covers various aspects of the Quranic verses, such as their meanings, contexts, implications, eloquence, rhetoric, grammar, syntax, etymology, history, geography, science, law, ethics, spirituality, and more. It also provides insights into the beliefs and practices of the Ahl-e-Sunnat school of thought, and refutes the objections and misconceptions raised by other sects and groups.
Noor ul-Irfan is available in both Urdu and English languages. The English translation was done by Dr. Muhammad Muqtada Khan Qadri and published by Paigham-e-Raza (The World Islamic Movements) in two volumes. The complete PDF files of both volumes can be downloaded for free from the Internet Archive website[^1^] [^2^].Noor ul-Irfan is not the only commentary on the Quran that has been written by Muslim scholars throughout history. There are many other commentaries that have different approaches, perspectives, and methodologies in interpreting the Quran. Some of them are classical commentaries that rely on the sources of Islamic tradition, such as hadith, consensus, and analogy. Some of them are modern commentaries that use various disciplines, such as linguistics, history, philosophy, and science. Some of them are sectarian commentaries that reflect the views and doctrines of a particular school of thought or group.
Some examples of well-known commentaries on the Quran are:
Tafsir al-Tabari: A classical commentary by Imam Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari (838-923 A.D.), a famous historian and jurist. It is one of the earliest and most comprehensive commentaries that covers various aspects of the Quranic sciences and provides a wide range of opinions and interpretations from different sources.
Tafsir al-Qurtubi: A classical commentary by Imam Abu 'Abdullah Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Qurtubi (1214-1273 A.D.), a Maliki jurist and scholar. It is one of the most authoritative commentaries that focuses on the legal and moral implications of the Quranic verses and provides detailed discussions on jurisprudence and ethics.
Tafsir Ibn Kathir: A classical commentary by Imam Isma'il ibn 'Umar ibn Kathir (1301-1373 A.D.), a Shafi'i scholar and historian. It is one of the most popular commentaries that follows a literal and traditional approach in interpreting the Quran and relies heavily on hadith and biographical reports.
Tafsir al-Jalalayn: A classical commentary by two scholars: Jalal al-Din al-Mahalli (1389-1459 A.D.) and Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti (1445-1505 A.D.), both Shafi'i scholars and experts in various sciences. It is one of the shortest and simplest commentaries that provides a concise and clear explanation of the Quranic verses.
Tafsir al-Mizan: A modern commentary by Sayyid Muhammad Husayn Tabataba'i (1892-1981 A.D.), a Shi'i philosopher and scholar. It is one of the most comprehensive and philosophical commentaries that uses rational arguments and logical analysis to interpret the Quran and to address various issues and questions.
The Study Quran: A new translation and commentary by a team of scholars led by Seyyed Hossein Nasr (b. 1933), a prominent Iranian-American scholar of Islam. It is one of the most recent and unique commentaries that provides an ecumenical and academic perspective on the Quran and incorporates insights from various schools of thought and disciplines.
These are just some examples of the many commentaries on the Quran that have been produced by Muslim scholars over time. Each commentary has its own merits and limitations, and none can claim to be the final or definitive interpretation of the Quran. The Quran is a living book that invites its readers to reflect, ponder, and seek guidance from it[^3^]. a474f39169